NDIS Supports Explained

Your NDIS plan will outline a range of supports which are aimed to help you reach the goals specified in your plan. These supports can come from:

  • Family and friends – also known as informal supports
  • Services and community groups
  • NDIS reasonable and necessary funded supports

Reasonable and necessary supports are those funded by the NDIS, which will help participants to:

  • pursue their goals, objectives and aspirations
  • increase their independence
  • increase social and economic participation, and
  • develop their capacity to actively take part in the community

In order to be considered a support which is reasonable and necessary, it must:

  • be related to the participant’s disability
  • not include day-to-day living costs that are not related to a participant’s disability support needs
  • represent value for money
  • be likely to be effective and beneficial to the participant, and
  • take into account informal supports given to participants by families, carers, networks, and the community

There are three broad categories of reasonable and necessary supports and 15 sub-categories. These include:

CORE Supports

This includes funding that enables a participant to complete activities of daily living and enables them to work towards their goals and meet their objectives. Budgets in core supports are flexible across its four sub-categories but cannot be used for capital or capacity building support purposes. The four sub-categories in core supports are:

Funds to assist/supervise personal tasks of daily life to enable you to live as independently as possible. This can include:

  • personal care
  • household tasks
  • cleaning
  • laundry
  • meal preparation/delivery
  • gardening

This also includes assistance for people living in a shared environment.

Funds to enable you to access the community and travel for educational, recreational and work purposes. This can include:

  • public transport
  • taxis
  • other transport costs

These funds are generally received fortnightly.

Funds to help purchase everyday use items. This can include:

  • continence products
  • Home Enteral Nutrition (HEN) products
  • interpreting
  • translating

Funds to enable a participant to engage community/social or recreational activities. This may include the provision of care as well as activity costs. Activities can include:

  • camps
  • vacation
  • outside school hours’ care
  • course or membership fees

This can also include funding to document the process and expected outcomes.

CAPITAL Supports

This includes funding for things such as assistive technologies, equipment, home or vehicle modifications, and capital costs (e.g. to pay for specialist disability accommodation). Budgets in capital supports are usually restricted to specific items, many of which require a quote. It may not be used for core or capacity building support purposes. The two sub-categories in capital supports are:

Funds for aids or equipment supports to assist participants to live independently or assist a carer to support the participant. This funding includes assessments, delivery costs, set-up and training. This support covers items such as:

  • wheelchairs
  • hoists/slings
  • specialised wheelchair seating
  • equipment for eating/drinking
  • bathroom/toilet equipment
  • vehicle modifications

Funds for home modifications to enable a participant to live independently and live safely in their home OR Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) to cater to higher support needs. Funding includes:

  • ramps
  • handrails
  • stair climbers
  • lifts
  • SDA support coordination

Costs associated with consultations with builders and approvals are also included.


This is funding that enables a participant to build their independence and skills. Budgets in capacity building supports are allocated specifically to one of its nine support categories and is not transferable between them, or used for core or capital support purposes. The nine sub-categories in capacity building supports are:

Funds for assistance with connecting and coordinating informal (family and friends), mainstream and funded supports. This assistance aims to:

  • increase participant capacity
  • resolve service issues
  • address barriers
  • build participant resilience

Funds to assist in helping you obtain/retain appropriate accommodation. This can include activities such as:

  • applying for rental tenancy
  • undertaking tenancy obligations

Funds to develop your skills to increase independence in accessing the community and social activities. These activities can include:

  • skills training
  • art classes
  • sports coaching
  • other recreational activities

Funds can also be for mentoring and peer support.

Funds to help participants obtain/retain employment. There is also a School Leavers Employment Support, which specifically helps Year 12 school leavers. Some of these supports may include:

  • job site training
  • travel training
  • employment related assessments
  • careers counselling

Funds for social skills development and for behaviour supports to address behaviours of concern. These funds can be used to support:

  • the participant
  • their family
  • other support persons

Funds to access activities to support physical health and well-being. These activities include:

  • personal training
  • exercise physiology
  • dietetics

Funds for skills training, advice, assistance and orientation to support a participant moving from school to further education. This may include:

  • university
  • TAFE
  • other education options

Funds to support a participant’s ability to manage their plan and supports by themselves or for a registered plan management provider to handle your NDIS budget and/or service support activities. Plan management support may include:

  • building financial skills
  • improving organisational skills
  • enhance self management capabilities

Funds for assessment, training, development and or therapy to support an increase in skills, independence and community participation. These services can be delivered in groups or individually and may include:

  • provision of aids & equipment
  • skill mastery
  • ergonomic adjustment
  • functional education
  • workplace assessment
  • driver training
  • training for carers/parents
  • early childhood intervention